Behind the Headlines: the Hertfordshire Express
Terry Knight, one of our founder members, gave a timely talk to the Society on 28th May on the history of the Hertfordshire Express and its successors. It was 150 years ago, 1859, in the same year as Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published, that this newspaper became the first in Hertfordshire to go to press weekly. Then titled the Hitchin and Royston Express, it was a broadsheet in the usual style of the day, with advertisements covering the front page. Terry worked on the Express for 26 years until 1989 and had many amusing stories to tell of absent editors, primitive conditions and practical jokes, but I’ll stick to his outline history for this report.
In 1859 the newspaper had premises in Bucklersbury and the Market Place which doubled as a Post Office and general store selling such things as cricket gear. In October of its first year the newspaper sold 2,200 copies but by the mid 1860s, with a second newspaper, the Bedfordshire Express, running this had risen to over 13,000 a month: it had become the largest and most important newspaper in Hertfordshire.
The newspaper went through several changes of ownership until in 1871 William Carling, organist and choirmaster at St Mary’s Church, bought it. It moved premises to Exchange Yard in 1882, a new building blazoned with Carling’s name and the name of the newspaper across the front, with an emblem of a hart replicating the hart that appeared on the front of the newspaper.
William Carling was succeeded by his three sons and in 1916 the newspaper became a limited company with a new editor, Ernest ‘Hoddy’ Hodson, and a new junior reporter, Reg Cannon. Hoddy stayed for 38 years and Cannon for 25, after which he went to work at the Comet.
Conditions in the office were very basic, with one telephone, one typewriter and a gas-powered printing machine which made the whole building shake. Despite these limitations they managed to produce a sheet every day during the General Strike in 1926. As late as the 1940s there was still just the one typewriter. A temporary member of staff after WW2 was Charles Dickens’ granddaughter Monica, who went on to use the characters in the office (rather to their alarm) in her book My Turn to Make the Tea.
With Stevenage, Letchworth and Hitchin growing rapidly in the 1950s the newspaper modernised to appeal to this new audience, and two editions were published: the Hitchin Express and the Stevenage Express, which in fact had the same content but in a different order. When the Gazette title was introduced in 1971 the Express name faded away. The newspaper weathered the change from linotype to photo print in the 1970s, strikes in 1978-9, a move to new premises at 16-17 Market Place and the change from broadsheet to tabloid. It was then sold for £2.3 million. It has since changed hands again, and the Hitchin office has closed as the newspaper now operates from Stevenage.
Terry’s book, Behind the Headlines (author Terence F Knight) was published in 1987.
Outing to Bushey Museum and Reveley LodgeA group of our members joined the first coach excursion that we have arranged for some years when we travelled to the far west of the county, to the small town of Bushey, on Thursday 7th May. Firstly we visited the museum, housed in the large, redundant council building, where we were greeted by Hugh Lewis, Chairman of Bushey Museum Trust. He took us to the former Council Chamber, now an art gallery, and whilst we enjoyed coffee and biscuits he gave us a brief history of the founding of the museum. Bushey Museum is run by a large team of volunteers, and Mr Lewis explained what we would find in the various galleries: archaeology, local industries, education, transport, worship and a ‘before and now’ photograph exhibition. Two particular artists are associated with Bushey: Sir Hubert Von Herkomer RA, who set up an art school in the town, and Lucy Kemp-Welch, famous for her large paintings depicting horses. The collections include several examples of their work. In the grounds of the museum is the Frobisher Studio, a Victorian building rebuilt here recently and well used by local art groups for classes. After a tasty (if hasty) lunch at the nearby ‘Blue Check’ restaurant, our coach took us to Reveley Lodge, an attractive, rambling, nineteenth-century house on the outskirts of the town. The house was bequeathed to Bushey Museum in 2003 by Mrs Eila Chewett, a late President of the Friends of Bushey Museum, who had lived in the property with her husband since 1931. His family moved here in 1910. The original small house was built in 1842 and was enlarged considerably in 1896. We were shown around the house by Jenny Just and her team, after which we had a tour of the extensive gardens and large vegetable plot with the knowledgeable head gardener. Our visit concluded with tea and biscuits in the drawing room.
A very successful visit made all the more comfortable and practical by Mandy, the efficient and skilled driver of our Landmark coach.
Outing to Hatfield House
We had a private tour of what is probably our most impressive local stately home, Hatfield House, on 14th May 2009.
The present Jacobean house was built in 1611 by Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister to King James I, and has been the home of the Cecil family ever since. It is currently the home of the 7th Marquess of Salisbury who had made some changes, noticed by several members, particularly the unusual hanging of paintings on walls covered with tapestries.
We toured the state rooms, starting with the Great Hall, followed by the Grand Staircase and including the dining room on the first floor and important bedrooms. From the windows we viewed the extensive gardens and the Old Palace, home of the child who became Queen Elizabeth I. The 3rd Marquess was Prime Minister three times during the closing years of Queen Victoria’s reign. Our knowledgeable guide brought the place to life with information about the contents of the house. We also had a chance to explore the gardens, including the famous knot garden, at our own pace.
Some members arrived early for lunch and others retreated for tea and cake following the visit – some did both! But all went away with new information about not only the house and the family who built it, but also a significant (and currently popular) period of our history, the Tudors.
Outing to Maydencroft Manor
There is no doubt that our most popular outing each year is the visit to beautiful home of Bob and Frances Williams at Maydencroft Manor. This year we went on Tuesday 19th May.
Bob took us on a tour of the grounds, starting with the impressive tithe barn which possibly has associations with John Bunyan, author of The Pilgrim’s Progress. It also has a protected bat colony. We then toured the extensive and immaculately-tended gardens maintained by our hosts with little outside help. Lastly we toured the house, which may have been a hunting lodge used by King Henry VIII, and saw Bob’s skilled and detailed embroidery.
We ended with refreshments generously provided by our hosts. A magical evening enjoyed by all our members, which will definitely be repeated next year for any members not selected this time round. Perhaps they will be lucky next time.
Next Society meeting
We have now finished our meetings until the autumn. Our next meeting is on Thursday 24th September when Tim Dye, the owner of High Down, will be talking to us about the history and renovation of this important and little-altered 17th century house. The meeting starts, as usual, at 8pm at Church House and is followed by refreshments.